International Courts

The European Court of Human Rights

Located in Strasbourg, France
Established in 1959 by European Convention on Human Rights

Partially inspired by Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UN, 1948)

Also motivated by two concerns:
Rise of Communism

International  Criminal Court

Located in The Hague, Netherlands

Established in 2002

Concerned with genocide, "crimes against humanity"

Largely inspired by genocide in the former Yugoslavia as well as Africa in 1980s, 1990s.

International Court of Justice (or ICJ, or World Court)

Established in 1945

The judicial arm of the United Nations

Located in The Hague, Netherlands

Court of Justice of the European Union

Established in 1952

Highest Court of the European Union

Located in Luxembourg

© Hank Edmondson 2012