Module IV: The Christian Contribution to Ethics

St. Thomas Aquinas

St. Augustine

The early Christian theologians and philosophers were taken with Platonic philosophy since it seemed to contain so many antecedents of Judeo-Christianity. See for example, The Gorgias

St. Thomas Aquinas

Accepted the classical tradition (especially Aristotle) but found it lacking in ethical direction about our relationship with/duty toward God. And so to Aristotle's moral and intellectual virtues he added the "theological virtues" of faith, hope, and love (also of course listed in 1 Corinthians 13). His greatest and best known work is the Summa Theologica

Christians, through both theology and scripture, also introduced new qualities:

conscience, mercy, humility, forgiveness, redemption/atonement, conscience, suffering, 

Magdalena  by Brandon Flowers

Another version of Magdelena

C.S. Lewis explains that "love" in the New Testament has at least four expressions. The first three are "natural" expressions of love and the last one suggests transcendence

1) storge: affection, especially within a family

2) philia: the love of friendship

3) eros: romantic love

4) agape: Godly love